The county commissioner is an elected official from the county in which they live. Each county is split into four different regions and a commissioner is elected from each region to represent that part of the county. The commissioners serve alongside the County Judge to make county policies. As a group, the Commissioners and County Judge are the chief policy-making and administrative branch of county government.
Among other responsibilities, the commissioners court:
- Sets the yearly property tax rate.
- Adopts a county budget and approves the budget and employment level for the county.
- Sets employment and benefit policy.
- Sets commissioners and justice of the peace precinct boundaries.
- Calls, conducts and certifies elections, including bond elections.
- Reviews and approve subdivision platting and wastewater treatment for rural areas.
- Provides rural ambulance services and subsidizes rural fire protection.
- Oversees the construction, maintenance and improvement of county roads and bridges.
- Appoints non-elected department heads and standing committees.
- Supervises and controls the county courthouse, county buildings and facilities.
- Fills vacancies in elective and appointive positions.
- Has exclusive authority to authorize contracts in the name of the county.